Cataracts

It is estimated that more than two-thirds of people over the age of 65 experience decreased vision due to cataracts. This can make it difficult to perform routine tasks such as reading, driving, or watching television. Our board-certified ophthalmologists understand the frustration cataracts can cause, and are committed to providing the most advanced treatment options to help you achieve a clearer vision and greater independence.

What are Cataracts?

An eye condition in which the naturally transparent lens of the eye becomes cloudy, cataracts interfere with the ability of the lens to properly focus light on the retina at the back of the eye. This unfocused light causes vision to appear blurry, hazy, distorted, or cloudy. Cataracts often begin as a slight cloudiness which increases as the condition worsens.

People suffering from cataracts can experience light sensitivity, glare, double vision in one eye, poor night vision, and fading or yellowing of colors. While it’s true that approximately 90 percent of cataracts are age-related, trauma to the eye, inflammatory eye disease, and diabetes can also lead to its development.

Why Do Cataracts Occur?

Cataracts occur when the lens inside of the eye becomes cloudy. The natural lens, located behind the iris (the colored part of the eye) is mostly made up of water and proteins. With age, these proteins begin to clump together, causing the lens to become cloudy. Cataracts form slowly over time, and it can be difficult to notice the changes in vision in the early stages. When left untreated for several years, cataracts can cause blindness. Luckily, cataracts are easily treated through surgery at any stage in development.

Cataract Symptoms

Cataracts are not always easily noticed at first. The easiest way to diagnose cataracts early on is to attend regular comprehensive eye exams. During these eye exams, your eye doctor will be able to diagnose cataracts in their earliest stages. If you notice any of these symptoms, you may be experiencing cataracts:

  • Blurry or hazy vision (it can seem like you’re looking through a frosted or fogged-up window)
  • Dull color vision, or a yellow tint to vision
  • Distorted or double vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Poor night vision
  • Difficulty driving at night due to glare

What to Expect at Your Appointment

Our experienced ophthalmologists work with you to evaluate the severity of your cataracts and will recommend a personalized treatment plan. During your initial appointment, our trained technicians will perform several diagnostic tests.

These may include:

  • A visual acuity test which measures the quality of your vision at certain distances
  • Pupil dilation, which increases the size of the pupil and allows for assessing the health of the entire eye
  • Corneal topography

If you wear contact lenses you may be required to remove them prior to your appointment in order to obtain accurate measurements of your eye. Please call us for specific instructions.

Refractive Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is one of the safest and most effective surgical procedures available today with over 3 million procedures performed each year. In fact, it’s the most common eye surgery performed by our ophthalmologists. For patients selecting refractive laser cataract surgery, they will undergo laser cataract removal as well as receive an intraocular lens (IOL) to treat refractive conditions like presbyopia or astigmatism. The cloudy lens is removed and replaced with a new, artificial IOL.

With sutureless cataract surgery, the surgeon removes the cataract and a new intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted through a self-sealing incision. As advances in microsurgery enable the cataract to be removed through such a tiny incision, the eye is able to seal itself with no need for sutures. The replacement lens is also inserted and implanted through that same tiny incision.

Our surgeons use the most advanced techniques that take intraoperative measurements of the eye, allowing our surgeons to make real-time adjustments for your implant.

Using refractive laser during cataract surgery enables the surgeon to customize the procedure to the individual patient. The laser can be programmed based on the individual’s unique corneal anatomy, making the results more accurate and precise than previously possible with conventional cataract removal. Wavefront eye-mapping technology is used in the intra-operative stage where the surgical team adjusts the treatment plan based on the personalized information. Our cataract surgeons observe the unique characteristics of the eye and use these precise measurements to determine the power of the artificial lens needed, then selecting the IOL in real-time for the best visual outcome possible.

Some of the benefits of laser and traditional cataract surgery are:

  • No sutures
  • No need to wear an eye patch following surgery
  • Significantly reduced surgery time
  • Dramatically shorter recovery time
  • Less discomfort following surgery
  • Fewer post-surgical problems or side effects

Laser cataract surgery may be the best choice for patients who also desire vision correction for a refractive condition. The individualized treatment plan may include the following procedural elements:

  • Femtosecond laser-assisted surgery
  • Wavescan intraoperative aberrometer
  • Presbyopic correcting IOL or toric correcting IOL
  • Limbal relaxing incision
  • All pre- and post-operative testing

We offer several varieties of premium intraocular lenses so that we may customize a treatment plan that is right for you. We will make a recommendation based on your individual lifestyle and needs.

Take Our Cataract Quiz

If you have begun to develop cataracts, it is important to explore and research options available for your cataract procedure. Our free online cataract evaluation asks a few simple questions regarding your symptoms and lifestyle and only takes a couple of minutes to complete.

When it comes to choosing a cataract surgeon, you want the best. We are committed to providing the highest level of care. We offer a range of treatment options and intraocular lenses to accommodate your lifestyle and vision needs.